Fort Egypt Reference



There are a large number and wide variety of historical maps available online.  The maps below were collected from various sources and are but a small collection of what is available.  Note that some of the full maps are very large and may take some time to download.

David Rumsey Map Collection

Library of Congress American Memory Collection

Virginia Tech Historical Map Collection

Birmingham Public Library Digital Collections

Virginia Places

University of Alabama

1832 Shenandoah River Valley

The map below is from a survey of the Shenandoah River in 1832 by James Herron. The first two images make up the full map. They are pieced together from over 80 smaller parts each.  The third is small section showing the bend in the river where Fort Egypt is located. The house marked as “A Weaver” is at the approximate location of Fort Egypt and probably is Fort Egypt.

1862 Shenandoah River Valley

This map below from 1862 was found at the Library of Congress web site.  The entire map shows the Shenandoah River Valley from Winchester to Staunton.  It is very large and it is recommended it be downloaded and viewed off-line versus opening it in the web browser. The other two images show the area around Fort Egypt at two different zoom levels. The house marked “Shank” is Fort Egypt. The owners name at that time was actually spelled “Shenk”.

1794 Virginia

The map below is from 1794.  It is located in the David Rumsey collection (though it is cataloged in the collection as being from 1795) as well as at The University of Alabama. The left image is the full map. The right image is zoomed to the area surrounding Fort Egypt.

Map from Massanutten Book (1924)

The map below is from Massanutten by Harry Strickler. Fort Egypt is marked as #19 in “Strickler Acres”. The map is Mr. Strickler’s attempt to plot the Northern Neck land grants and early deeds in the Massanutten area. Independently, a number of the land grants have been plotted using AutoCAD with a USGS topographical map as the background. The task of plotting the land grants in AutoCAD has not been completed but there appear to be some major surveying errors (not surprising for that time) and Harry Strickler’s map, while very good, takes some undue liberties with the surveys.

1860’s Shenandoah River Valley

The map below of the Shenandoah River Valley is from the 1860’s and was obtained from the Library of Congress website. The house marked “Stover” across from Mill Creek is probably Fort Egypt.

1884 Massanutten

The image below part of an 1884 map that was posted at There should be a full version available.

Recent USGS Topographical Map

Below is a section from a USGS topographical grid. Fort Egypt is nearly dead center and is the first house northwest of the “K” in “South Fork”.

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Northern Neck 1736-1737

Below is a survey of the Northern Neck of Virginia, the lands belonging to Lord Fairfax.  The “Pecked Mountain” is now called the Massanutten Mountain.  The “South River” is now called the south fork of the Shenandoah River.

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